Tutorial How to Install Mikrotik with Netinstall

What is Netinstall?
Based on sources from the Mikrotik wiki, Netinstall is a program that runs on Windows computers that allows you to install MikroTik RouterOS to a PC or to a RouterBoard via an Ethernet network. Netinstall is also used to reinstall RouterOS in cases where the previous installation failed, it becomes corrupt or the access password is lost.

Your device must support booting from ethernet, and there must be an ethernet link directly from the netinstall computer to the target device. All RouterBOARD support for PXE network boot, must be activated either in the RouterOS “Routerboard” menu if RouterOS is operating, or in bootloader settings. For this, you will need a serial cable.

Note: For RouterBOARD devices without serial ports, and no RouterOS access, the reset button can also start PXE boot mode. See RouterBOARD PDF instructions for details. For example RB750 PDF Netinstall can also directly install RouterOS on a disk (USB / CF / IDE / SATA) that is connected to a Windows netinstall machine. After installation just move the disk to the Router machine and boot from it.

Well, so basically Netinstall can be used to reset the Mikrotik password when we forget the proxy password and also when a system failure occurs in the previous installation process. Then why should you use Netinstall? Why isn’t the upgrade just being reset?

Here’s the difference between Netinstall and Upgrade:

The formatting drive process occurs in netinstall but does not occur in the upgrade. So what’s the effect? We know that proxy provides small memory and when the upgrade process, there are some data that we might not use but still take place there. With NetInstall, first clean the entire storage area by formatting the drive after the system is inserted.

Okay, it’s clear, isn’t that what Netisntall is. Now we just try to install the proxy with Netinstall.

How do you do NetInstall?

Equipment:

  • NetInstall Software (download from http://mikrotik.com/download)
  • UTP cable
  • Microtic software files according to the type (x86, mpsbe, mipsle)

In some literacies there must be a serial cable, but I have tried it without serial cable and it works. The function of this serial cable is to change the boot flow of devices that by default boot from the internal disk to boot from the network.

  • Download the Netinstall program from the http://www.mikrotik.com/download.html page
  • Download the combined routerOS package from the page http://www.mikrotik.com/download.html, adjust it to your router type and the version you want to use.
  • Your PC settings use static IP. (for example: IP 192.168.12.19 netmask 255.255.255.0) and plug the ethernet cable from your PC to your router ether1 port.
  • Run the Netinstall program and press the Net boot button, then you enable / check Boot Server enabled, then fill in the Client IP address with one IP subnet with your PC’s static IP (for example: 192.168.12.3) and press ok.
  • Press the browse button and select the folder where you saved the * .npk file that you downloaded in step 2. in this case because the net install will be for the type RB1000 series then the packet used is mipsle if what you are going to net install is the type of RB400 series or RB750 series then use the mipsbe
  • Unplug your router adapter
  • Press the small reset button on your router, and you hold it.
  • While still holding, you turn on the power adapter
  • Wait a few moments, later in the Netinstall program you will see the mac-address of your router.
  • Release the reset button, then you tap your router’s mac-address in the Netinstall program and select the package you will use for installation (checked)
  • Press the install button, then the installation process will be displayed in the Netinstall program.
  • If the installation process is complete, the Install button will change to reboot, please press the button and the installation process is complete.

Note:

  1. Don’t force it to press the reset button because it can cause the reset button to break. If your router has a serial port, we recommend that you use a serial cable to change the boot-device to an ethernet port
  2. The Installation process using Netinstall will delete all of your router configurations, so the default username = admin, password = (blank does not need to be filled)

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